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Innovation & Development
"Towards a paradigm shift in India's rainfed agriculture"
P.S. Vijay Shankar
Samaj Pragati Sahayog (SPS), Bagli, Madhya Pradesh, India

October 2011
Full text (61.03 KB)


"Green" Green Revolution: Agriculture in the perspective of Climate Change
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
4th November 2011
Full Report (PDF) (40.3 MB)

|| Reports / Documents ||

Report of Study on
Status of Self-Reliant Cooperatives
A study in furtherance of The Resurgence of a Vibrant Cooperative Movement Across India 

- Executive Summary

- Study Report (PDF)

- Errata in Main Report

|| Workshop Reports ||

New paradigm for rainfed farming - support systems and incentives
27th - 29th, September 2007


Proceedings (Download)

- Presentations / Papers

- Photo Gallery

- List of Participants


Brainstorming workshop on "Rethinking Rainfed Farming - Crafting an agriculture policy appropriate to the Rainfed lands".

Dates : June 22-23, 2009
Place : MANAGE, Hyderabad


National Workshop on "Normative Concerns, Challenges and Opportunities in the New Era of Watershed Development Projects in India".

Dates : 18th and 19th Sept. 2008
Place : New Delhi


National Workshop on "Synthesizing Experiences in Promotion of Backyard Poultry".


Proceedings (Download)

Dates : 9th - 10th, July. 2009
Venue : PDP, Hyderabad, A.P.



Rice advice: managing soil fertility by The Water Channel


Raghuvanshi -The Seedman by Suma Josson

Hunger film by Krishnendu Bose

Women Food and Climate Change Training Gorakhpur


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Revitalizing Rainfed Agriculture (RRA) Network

In the course of about a decade of work on Watershed Development in rainfed areas, WASSAN has realised that there are hardly any relevant public investments in agriculture that helps farmers to realise the investments on soil and water conservation into production benefits, security of crops and sustainable livelihoods.

A deeper probe in to the problem brought out the distortions in the public policy and public investments in agriculture; these favor irrigated areas and farmers with irrigation to the near exclusion of the rainfed farmers. This needs to be corrected.

It is in this pursuit of evolving appropriate and relevant policies, programs and institutional processes WASSAN intends to share its experiences and outputs through this website to encourage others to act in their own spheres of influence.


|| Proceedings ||

 Launching Meeting on Enhancing Soil Productivity in Rainfed Areas - RRA pilot initiative

16th - 18th, August 2010 - CWS Conference Hall, Hyderabad,
Andhra Pradesh

Proceedings (Download)

Evolving an Alternative Paradigm for Seeds Systems for Rainfed Agriculture
27th - 28th, January 2011 -       ICECD Campus, Bopal, Ahmedabad, Gujarat organized by SATVIK

Proceedings (Download)


Enhance scientist-ryots interaction to solve problems
The Hindu, January 12, 2011

Project ‘Farmers First' aims to move beyond production and productivity. Read more....


Groundwater levels plummet in Andhra Pradesh
M. Suchitra, Down to Earth, January 16, 2012

Andhra Pradesh is heading for an acute water crisis owing to ground water depletion. The latest data compiled by the ground water department reveals that water levels across all districts in the state. Read more....

Intercropping: when rice breeds fish breeds rice
D. Balasubramanian, The Hindu, December 5, 2012

A notable announcement would have been made yesterday at this year's Indian Science Congress at Bhubaneswar, Orissa. The rural, tribal belt of Koraput, Orissa which is rich in floral and faunal diversity would have been formally declared as the eleventh “Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System” (GIAHS) by the FAO-UNDP-GEF group. Read more....

UN Heritage status for Koraput farming system in Odisha
Jyotika Sood, January 4, 2012

Indigenous knowledge and farming practices of the region's tribal people recognised for promoting food security and conserving biodiversity. Read more....

More fertilizer use, but falling response and poorer soil
Shaikh Zoiab Saleem, Business Standard, January 2, 2012

The fertiliser sector gets its importance by supplementing foodgrain productivity, which in turn feeds the ever increasing population. But what if fertiliser use efficiency or the nutrient response degrades? Read more....

Food as people's right
M.S. Swaminathan, The Hindu (Opinion Lead), 3 January 2012

India is on the threshold of a historic transition from a ship-to-mouth existence to implementing the world's largest social protection programme against hunger with home-grown food. Read more....

Fortify nutrient-based subsidy
M. Rajshekhar, Economic Times, 22 December 2011
The nutrient-based subsidy (NBS) scheme, introduced in April 2010, was meant to resolve these problems. The government fixes the subsidy on fertilisers based. Read more....

Decentralized Procurement and Universalized PDS
Dr. Kaustav Banerjee, Economic and Political Weekly (EPW), December 24, 2011, Vol No. XLVI No. 52
Decentralisation of food procurement could facilitate universalisation of the public distribution system under the proposed National Food Security Act. Non-green revolution crops such as millets, coarse cereals, pulses, oilseeds, etc, should also be covered in the PDS. Read more....

Understanding the Andhra Crop Holiday Movement
Author(s): Vamsi Vakulabharanam , N Purendra Prasad, K Laxminarayana, Sudheer Kilaru, Economic and Political Weekly (EPW), December 17-23, 2011
Why would farmers keep their own land fallow as part of a voluntary “crop holiday protest movement” in a part of Andhra Pradesh is a question that has puzzled many. A field visit to the Konaseema region reveals that the dynamics of class contradictions in the area are also responsible for the nature of the movement that goes beyond the issue of remunerative prices. Read more....

What's your millet mojo?
Gayatri Jayaraman, LiveMint.com, December December 9th, 2011
Long after millets after India's dinner tables and became a poor man's 'low-caste' crop, the diet-conscious affluent and activists are putting the grain back on our food map. Read more....


Q&A: M.S. Swaminathan
Business Standard, March 13th, 2011

'A second Green Revolution will never happen'.  Read more....


Q&A: Abhijit Sen
Business Standard, March 10th, 2011

Another green revolution not possible.  Read more....


Another Green Revolution
Express Buzz, March 10th, 2011

The first green revolution is long dead. A second is beginning to stir.  Read more....

|| Rethinking Rainfed Farming (RRA) ||


Beyond Perfunctory Rhetoric and Helplessness
 A New Deal for Rainfed Areas

A Bold and New Supportive Action

Read more....

Of Soils, subsidies and survival: a report of Living Soils -  S.R. Gopikrishna and O.P. Rupela - This is the report of the first-ever social audit of soil health and support systems in India by Greenpeace. It assesses the impact of government policies on soil health across five states and finds out that indiscriminate chemical fertilizer usage, catalyzed by a lenient subsidy policy and neglect of ecological fertilization is posing a threat to soil health and future food security of the country. Read more....

Invest for 'Life in Soils' - 10 ways to make 'Living Soils' possible (2011)
This document synthesizes various experiences on ground into a package of 10 modules for action, amendable for government to invest. The wide variety of options for enhancing soil fertility are elaborated in this document along with the basic issues confronting their adoption and policy measures.

Read more....


Every Thirty Minutes Farmer Success, Human Rights, and the Agrarian Crisis in India?  - Democracy Now! speaks with Smita Narula, the co-author of the new report, "Every Thirty Minutes: Farmer Suicides, Human Rights and the Agrarian Crisis in India.". Read more....

The state of food and agriculture 2010-11: women in agriculture - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (March, 2011) Women make significant contributions to the rural economy in all developing country regions. Read more....


Kerala 'masters' struggle to keep alive rare cattle breeds

P. Sainath, The Hindu, January 5, 2012,


From farmer to retailer, he sows seeds of change in Bangalore market
Indian Express, December 19, 2011,


Food Security Bill:  Simpler The Better
EPW, December 24, 2011,


Grow your own vegetables at home - The Hindu, 24th January 2011. Read more....


Abdul Kalam's special speech on "Water Partnerships towards meeting the Climate Challenge Abdul Kalam's website, 6th January 2011...Read more....


Farms sans chemicals

Asian Age, 28th October 2010
It's fast catching on organic farm tourism is the latest value addition rural tourism has achieved across the globe...
Read more....


Fixed what is broken (PDS) Sunita Narain's blog

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Getting closer to nature through organic farming - The Hindu, 18th October 2010 - Ravindra Prasad of Boddavara showing the technique used for increasing microbial activity for soil health on his organic farming ‘Brundavanam' orchard at Boddavara in Vizianagaram district.

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Organic farming takes roots - The Hindu, 18th October 2010 - Organic farming, a concept well established in the western countries in the course of past two decades, is slowly taking roots in Madurai region.

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Judicious combination of manures, fertilizers ensures food security - The Hindu, 14th October, 2010- Growing organic foods is a matter of individual or enterprise preference

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Food security depends on small and marginal dryland farmers - The Hindu - May 6th, 2010- About 40 villages in Tirunelveli have using chemical fertilizers

Read more....

|| Tribute to Shashi Rekha Rajagopalan ||

[21.07.1951 to 05.08.2011]

Read more....

|| Exposure Visit ||

Dr. V.L. Chopra, Member, Planning Commission visited Laxminaik Thanda and Yenabavi villages in Warangal districts. He visited to NPM and Organic villages.

Read more....

|| Innovations ||

Picking straws becomes a rewarding business in Kerala - Shree Padre

Scarcity of labour is forcing paddy farmers to embrace machines in a big way. The farm mechanization movement is spreading fast to the southern states of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

Read more....

Children turn farmers

Innovations play an important role in food production as well as in optimizing resource utilization by farmers.

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ICAR's Book Published

Innovations play an important role in food production as well as in optimizing resource utilization by farmers.

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Crop concern takes farmers to classrooms

Now, more farmers of East Singhbhum will go to school. Not to study though, but to get field tips.

Read more....

Dr. G.V. Ramanjaneyulu

Centre for Sustainable Agriculture (CSA), Hyderabad

Read more....

|| Groundwater sharing - now a reality ||

A cascade of the innovations in APDAI.

Read more....


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